Under the Portuguese monarchy, an assembly of the three estates (clergy, nobility, commoners) of the kingdom. While historians debate its historical origins, its earliest form as an assembly that was more than a royal council was present before 1211. At first only clerical and noble groups were represented, and later representatives from the towns. Its business was to discuss fiscal matters (taxes), and it was convened by the Portuguese monarch. The Cortes's powers and functions varied, but its golden age of prestige coincided with the 14th and 15th centuries. As the monarchy acquired more independent wealth from the overseas expansion and empire, it depended less on the Cortes for revenue. Under King João III, as the monarchy garnered greater power and control, the Cortes was seldom consulted, and the king was asked to call the Cortes to meet at least every 10 years. While it met during the 17th century, it did not meet at all during the reigns of the absolutist kings João V (1689-1750) and José I (1750-77). The last Cortes met in 1828, in order to acclaim King Miguel I (1828-64) as an absolutist monarch. Later, under the subsequent constitutional monarchy (1834-1910), the Cortes came to be elective and was given different names: Congress, National Assembly, Assembly of the Republic.
   See also Filipe I, king; Legislatures.

Historical dictionary of Portugal 3rd ed.. . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cortés — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda El apellido Cortés, se relaciona con los siguientes artículos: Personas Camilo Blanes Cortes: Cantautor español, más conocido como Camilo Sesto. Carlos Núñez Cortés: Pianista y compositor argentino. César Cortés:… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Cortés — bezeichnet: Cortés (Honduras), Verwaltungsbezirk in Honduras Puerto Cortés, Hafenstadt in Honduras Cortés ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Alejandro Cortés (* 1955), kolumbianischer Tennisspieler Carmen Cortés (* 1957), spanische Bailaora …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cortes — (surname) is surname of Spanish and Portuguese origin. Cortes or Cortés may also refer to: Institutions The Cortes (Cortes Generales, General Courts ), the national legislative assembly of Spain The advisory councils of kings in Iberia, see… …   Wikipedia

  • CORTÉS (H.) — Si Hernán Cortés est, depuis le XVIe siècle, le plus célèbre des conquistadores, ce n’est pas seulement par la grâce d’un destin hors du commun: il doit aussi une fortune littéraire exceptionnelle à ses propres écrits et à la vogue des… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • cortès — [ kɔrtɛs ] n. f. pl. • 1519; esp. cortes, plur. de corte « cour » ♦ LES CORTÈS : assemblée représentative en Espagne et au Portugal. Spécialt Parlement espagnol formé de deux Chambres. ● Cortes ou Cortès nom féminin pluriel (espagnol Cortes)… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • cortes — CÓRTES s.n. 1. (În evul mediu, în Spania şi Portugalia) Organe reprezentative pe stări. 2. Denumire a parlamentului în Portugalia (până în 1911) şi în Spania. – cuv. sp. Trimis de IoanSoleriu, 03.05.2004. Sursa: DEX 98  córtes s. n., pl.… …   Dicționar Român

  • cortés — adjetivo 1. Que se comporta o se realiza según las normas del trato social: Es muy cortés con la gente que no conoce. Le dirigió un saludo cortés. Hizo un gesto cortés para ceder su asiento. Refranes 1. Lo cortés no quita lo valiente. Se usa para …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • Cortès — Cortes Generales Espagne Cet article fait partie de la série sur la politique de l Espagne, sous série sur la politique. Const …   Wikipédia en Français

  • corteş — córteş, córteşi, s.m. (reg., înv.) agent electoral. Trimis de blaurb, 26.04.2006. Sursa: DAR  córteş ( şi), s.m. – (Trans., înv.) Agent electoral. Mag. kortes, din sp. cortes (DAR). Trimis de blaurb, 04.06.2007. Sursa: DER …   Dicționar Român

  • Cortès — Cortès, Cortés Le nom peut être castillan ou catalan, voire occitan. Dans tous les cas, il peut signifier poli, courtois, mais en castillan il a surtout un sens toponymique : la cour, les cours …   Noms de famille

  • Cortes — Cor tes (k[^o]r t[e^]s), n. pl. [Sp. & Pg., fr. corte court.] The legislative assembly, composed of nobility, clergy, and representatives of cities, which in Spain and in Portugal answers, in some measure, to the Parliament of Great Britain.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.